The biggest advocates for a free Cuba in Europe are the Czechs. Clearly it’s because they once felt the yoke of communism around their own necks and they haven’t forgotten. God bless them.
Prague was probably the last place on the minds of three Cuban families when they set out from their island home on a rickety boat in 2005.
But, late last month, Prague is where they ended their year-and-a-half-long ordeal in search of a new life. They are the first Cubans ever to be granted asylum in the Czech Republic, a move that further solidifies the Czech Republicâ€™s harshly critical stance toward Fidel Castroâ€™s communist regime.
The familiesâ€™ journey started with a treacherous boat trip across the Straits of Florida, where they were intercepted by the U.S. Coast Guard. Then back to Cuba to a U.S.-operated facility at Guantanamo Bay, where they waited for a country â€” any country â€” to accept their plea for asylum. After more than a year, that answer finally came from halfway around the world, in Central Europe. On March 20, the 10 men, women and children boarded a plane and flew to their new homes in Prague.
The families are eager to build a new home here, said Interior Ministry spokesman Petr VorlÃÄek.
â€œThey are cheerful and optimistic. In the short term, learning Czech is a main priority,â€ he said. â€œIn the long run, they would like to find jobs and the children want to get an education.â€
Personal details are tightly under wraps, because the families fear reprisals against friends and relatives back in Cuba. They declined to be interviewed or photographed. What is known is that two of the families have children under 18, and one family has an infant son.
â€œAll three families decided to leave Cuba because of persecution due to their political or religious beliefs,â€ VorlÃÄek said. For some, this had been their fourth attempt to flee. Because of their parentsâ€™ involvement in dissidence, the children were bullied and prevented from going to school in Cuba, he said.
Besides language difficulties, theyâ€™re also adjusting to the markedly less tropical climate. But theyâ€™re also eager about the quality of health care and education here, and the relative freedom with which they can live their lives.
Itâ€™s no coincidence that the Czech government reached out to these particular families.
Under communism, Cuba and Czechoslovakia shared close ties. But since the 1989 revolution that ended communism here, a revolution largely fueled by the dissident movement, Czechs have increasingly angered the Cuban regime by supporting dissidence there. Diplomatic relations in recent years have been tense, and the Czech Republic is one of the strongest voices in the European Union lobbying for a tougher stance against Cuban leader Fidel Castro.
â€œWe feel we have a similar experience with a communist regime. We hope we will also have a similar experience of transition out of communism,â€ said JiÅ™Ã Knitl, head of Cuban projects at Prague-based human rights group People In Need.
Whatever bickering goes on within the government, â€œI think thereâ€™s a consensus in our foreign policy against Cuba,â€ he said.
â€œHuman rights are a very important priority for the Czech Republic,â€ and Cuba is one of the main focuses of that, said DÅ¾amila StehlÃkovÃ¡, minister in charge of human rights issues.
God bless the Czech Republic.